Medical Center for Birds

3805 Main Street
Oakley, CA 94581




Anesthesia and Life Support

We keep ourselves up-to-date in the latest anesthetic protocols tailored for the species. We utilize isoflurane gas anesthetic for surgical anesthetic maintenance. Isoflurane gas is delivered via endotracheal tube, allowing us to breath for the patient when the need arises. Gas offers several advantages. First, we can raise or lower the bird's anesthetic level quickly. Secondly, since isoflurane gas does not need to be metabolized by the liver (as with most injectables), we can use it with relatively higher safety in sick birds. Third, isoflurane has an excellent safety record (few reactions or adverse side-effects).
We have three isoflurane vaporizers in the hospital, one of which is a portable unit for use in the field if needed. While under anesthesia, we monitor birds with the following equipment. 

  • Pulse oximetry (estimation of oxygen content in the bloodstream)
  • Electrocardiogram (ECG: The electrical activity of the body-- mainly the heart beat)
  • Digital internal body temperature
  • Auscultation (a technician uses an external or esophageal stethescope to monitor heart beat for rate and rhythm)
  • Indirect blood pressure
  • Bionet BM3
Surgical Microscope

Vasconsuellos operating microscope with up to 20X magnification capability allows us to perform microsurgery on even the smallest birds. During surgery, foot controls allow us to move scope in 3-dimensions and zoom in and out for up-close looks from almost any angle. Camera attachments allow taking photos or shooting video. In combination with microsurgical instruments, the surgical microscope allows us to go above and beyond the usual surgical boundaries.

The Medical Center for Birds has two rigid endoscopes and a variety of accessories for examining or sampling, when necessary, the internal anatomy of birds. A
Storz 2.7 mm rigid endoscopy / endosurgery system with video monitor and image capture capability and a Wolf 1.8 mm rigid endsoscopy system with video monitor and image capture capability. Applications of endoscopy include surgical sexing and breeding soundness evaluations, examination of internal organs such as the liver or kidneys, biopsy of internal organs, removal of foreign bodies from the stomach, examination and sampling of airsacs for birds with respiratory illness, and examination of the oral cavity, sinuses, or cloaca.
Surgitel 4X loupes
Ellman radiosurgery: 4.0 Dual RF 

Beak prosthetics /orthotics

We maintain a human dental acrylic light curing system, which is regularly used for repair and correction of beak injuries, scissors beak deformities and mandibular prognathism.